Wednesday, 5 June 2019

“Chernobyl” tv-series

Отрывки из книги Светланы Алексиевич «Чернобыльская молитва».
Сценарист Крейг Мейзин:
«Я долго занимался комедией, люблю её и ни о чем не жалею. Но „Чернобыль“ показал ту сторону меня, в которой больше меня настоящего. Он отражает мое любопытство и интерес к миру, науке и природе человека. К тому же я повзрослел, и теперь больше связан с горестями жизни. Так что для меня это самая естественная вещь на свете».
«Точность была самым важным пунктом, ведь это история о важности истины».
Я всегда знал, что мы снимаем историю, которая касается огромного количества людей, и они до сих пор живы. Это тысячи, десятки тысяч людей, потерявших любимых из-за чернобыльской катастрофы, их жизнь стала короче, у многих появились заболевания щитовидной железы. Поэтому для меня было важно рассказать эту историю точно. Я думал об историях, которые мы обычно рассказываем на Западе о Холокосте и Второй мировой войне, мы стараемся быть очень точными, потому что это знак уважения»

Режиссером картины стал Йохан Ренк — шведский музыкант; «математически выверенный» сценарий сильно облегчил его работу как режиссера — все удалось уместить в пять эпизодов. «Меня тянет к вещам с темной красотой внутри. Как скандинаву, мне нравится безнадежность и странная аскетичность вещей. Меня очень тянет к меланхолии и подобным эмоциям. Так что, просто увидев титульный лист [сценария], я понял, что все это там будет [и согласился работать]».

- источник

* * *
From the very beginning, “Chernobyl” amazes with its realism and the way the Soviet entourage is transferred from those years. Attention to detail is literally manic. But...

- At night the inhabitants of Pripyat (with the children) watching the fire. In reality, most residents of the city learned about the fire at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant only in the morning.

- When power plant employees went to the reactor and looked inside in order to understand what state it was... The film shows that they were actually forced to go. In fact, it was enough just to understand that it needs to be done. And the people themselves agreed and left. The first went Alexander Kudryavtsev, then Anatoly Sitnikov. Soon they died.

- The collision of people with radiation described accurately. The show demonstrates all the symptoms mentioned by eyewitnesses: nausea, taste of metal in the mouth, Eritrema ("nuclear tan", a consequence of radiation damage to the upper layer of the skin).

- The tragic accident with a helicopter happened several months after the explosion (not the next day, as shown in the film). The liquidators helicopter crashed after colliding with a crane, hooking its cable.

- Three NPP workers, knee-deep in radioactive water, went into the room, found valves, opened them, provided drainage of water, and returned successfully. In the series, their fate was sealed. In reality, all three of them later participated in other tasks to eliminate the accident. One died 20 years after the accident, the other two are still alive.

- Approximately 36 hours after the explosion, the inhabitants of Pripyat were given only 50 minutes to collect their belongings and evacuate on the buses that came after them. Taking pets was not allowed. Residents of the city believed that they could return home in a few days, but as you know, this move was permanent.
As a result, the whole city was filled with orphaned animals. To avoid the spread of radiation contamination and rabies, the soldiers were instructed to shoot them.

- source

Chernobyl is too far from Moscow to reach by helicopter...
Nor, of course, could Deputy Prime Minister Boris Shcherbina even imagine threatening to throw Valery Legasov, an esteemed member of the Soviet Academy of Sciences, off a helicopter — this was 1986, not 1936.
...Russian miners don’t drink vodka right at the mine, before they wash off the coal dust.
...the soldiers in the series appear to hold their weapons U.S. style, butt to the armpit, not Soviet-style, across the chest.
...Soviet people in 1986 didn’t go calling each other “comrade” except at Communist Party meetings.

- source
* * *
Screenwriter Craig Mazin (source):

"When you're reading the personal stories of people who were there — people who lived near the plant, people who worked at the plant, people who were sent to Chernobyl as part of the effort to clean it up — in those individual accounts, that's really where the story came alive."

He decided to write something that addressed "how we're struggling with the global war on the truth right now".

"I didn’t know why [Chernobyl exploded], and I thought there was this inexplicable gap in my knowledge ...So, I began reading about it, just out of this very dry, intellectual curiosity, and what I discovered was that, while the story of the explosion is fascinating, and we make it really clear exactly why and how it happened, what really grabbed me and held me were the incredible stories of the human beings who lived through it, and who suffered and sacrificed to save the people that they loved, to save their countrymen and to save a continent, and continued to do so, against odds that were startling and kept getting worse. I was so moved by it. It was like I had discovered a war that people just hadn't really depicted, and I became obsessed."

Mazin said that "The lesson of Chernobyl isn’t that modern nuclear power is dangerous. The lesson is that lying, arrogance, and suppression of criticism are dangerous."

Еще о сериале Чернобыль.
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